[英语信的格式]英语信

2018-05-28 常用文书 阅读:

一:[英语信]英语书信


  英语书信是英语写作中的重要形式之一,如何写英语书信呢?下面请随CN人才网小编一起来看看吧!
  英语书信
  英文书信的垂直式和齐头式。
  商业英文书信,一般都要求用打字机或电脑整齐地打印,左边各行开头垂直的,称为垂直式或齐头式(block style),美国常用这种格式;每段的第一个词缩进去,称为缩进式或锯齿式(indented style),英国常用此格式。垂直式的职务及签名都在左边的边栏界线,这种格式,在极度尊重工作效率的美国公司,已普遍采用。正式的商业英语书信要在称呼的上方写上收信公司名称和地址或收信人的名字全称、职务及地址,称为信内地址(inside address)。信内地址的写法也有垂直式和缩进式之分,垂直式和称美国式将各行并列,缩进式或称英国式将各行依次退缩。
  普通书信的写法。
  近来英国商业书信信内地址并未依次缩进,似乎与美国式相同。此外,在美国还流行一种普通收信人地址的写法,就是在书信的inside address中,把门牌号和街名都省略掉。在英文书信中要使用敬语,最普遍的敬语是mr,mrs和miss(用于未婚女性)。英国人常在男性的姓名之后用esq.(esquire的缩写),不过在商业上也在慢慢地改用mr. mmes.(madam的复数形式),用于二个女士以上。messrs(mr的复数形式)用于二个以上的男人,或用于二个以上的男人组成的公司或团体。在英国式英文信里,mr, mrs, messrs,均不加缩写句点,相反地趋向于进步自由的美语反而加缩写句点如mr., mrs., messrs.。在称呼方面,商业上最普遍的有gentlemen(美国式)与dear sirs(英国式)二种,相当于我国的“敬启者”或“谨启者”。
  典型的美国式书写法。
  给公司单位写信时美语用gentlemen(复数形式),英语用dear sirs。如果对方公司只一人时,必须使用sir/dear sir。称呼后一般要使用标点符号,英国式采用逗号(comma),美国式用分号(colon)。书信结尾客套语(complimentary close)有多种,相当于我国书信在结尾时使用的“敬礼”、“致敬”、“顺安”等句。最为典型的美国式写法是sincerely和best regards,典型的英国式表达有yours sincerely(熟人或知道对方姓名),best wishes, kind regards 和yours
  faithfully(不知姓名)。此外,英国式的客套语还有特别礼貌的格式,但除了特殊情况外,现在不再使用。
  (一) 英语书信结构、书写款式及要求:
  1.书信结构
  英语书信结构一般有以下几个部分组成:
  1)信封(envelope)。英语的信封和中文的一样,有三部分组成,即发信人地址、收信人地址和邮票。只不过英语信封的格式除了邮票所贴的位置(信封的右上角)和中文的一样外,英语信封上要写的发信人和收信人的地址和中文的大不一样。发信人的地址应写在信封的左上角,收信人的地址应写在信封偏中右偏下处,如下:
  2)信头 (heading),即写发信人的地址和日期(右上角)。
  3)信内姓名地址 (inside address),即写收信人的姓名和地址(左上角)。
  4) 称呼 (salutation),即写对收信人的尊称(一般用dear mr. … ,; dear madam helen,; dear miss…,; dear john,; dear professor smith,等)。称呼直接写在收信人地址的正下方,中间空一至二行。称呼后面的标点一般只能用逗号。以上信头、信内姓名和地址三部分的结构如下:
  注:如果是相当熟悉和随便的朋友之间,因为彼此都知道对方的地址,故信头和信内的地址常常省略。
  5)正文 (body),即信件内的主要内容。正文第一句句子一般和称呼之间空一至二行。
  6)信尾客套语 (complimentary close),即写信人在信的右(或左)下角,写上表示自己对收
  信人一种礼貌客气的谦称。一般有sincerely,; sincerely yours,; yours sincerely,; friendly
  yours,; truly yours,; yours truly,; cordially yours,; yours cordially,等。
  7)信尾签名 (signature),即亲笔签上写信人自己的姓名。如果是用打字机或电脑写的信,在写信人签名的上方,同样应该打上写信人的姓名。
  除以上七个部分外,有时一些英语书信还包括:(1)附件 (enclosure),以enc. 表示,如“附有。。。。。。证明”应写为enc…certificate;(2)再启 (postscript),以p.s. 表示;(3)抄送件(carbon copy to…),以c.c. 表示,说明一式多份抄送其他有关人员。这些都是次要的补充部分。p.s. 主要在私人信件中使用,事务信件中应避免使用,以免造成写信人粗心大意的印象。enc.和c.c. 大都用在商贸信函中。
  2.书写款式
  英语书信的款式一般有两种:齐头式 (block style) 和折衷式 (semi-block style)。齐头式常常在商贸、官方以及一些正式的信件中使用,以显示信件内容的严肃性,真实性,
  可靠性。而折衷式则显的比较随便,主要用于家人、朋友、私人之间来往的信件。如果两人之间不是第一次通信,相互比较了解,可以省略信内的双方地址。
  以下分别介绍齐头式和折衷式信件两种款式。
  a: 齐头式信件款式:
  ( 范文 1。 )
  注:用齐头式信件写信,其正文与称呼之间空一至二行。每段的第一句句子不需要空
  格,但段与段之间需要空一至二行。齐头式信件的信尾客套话和签名可以有两种款式。第一种写在左下方,这是最常用也是最正式的。另外也可以写在右下方,这种形式则表示写信人与收信人之间的关系比较熟悉随便。下面是另一种齐头式信件的格式。
  齐头式信件款式:
  (范文 2。)
  b: 折衷式信件款式:
  用折衷式书写信件,其正文与称呼之间空一至二行。第一段第一句的第一个单词必须在dear称呼的直接下面。以后每段开头都要与第一段第一个字对齐。信尾的客套话和签名都写在右下方。朋友之间写信一般都使用折衷式,而且称呼与正文之间一般不空行。具体款式和要求参见后面的一些信件。
  以下是一封折衷式信件。
  3.信件书写要求:
  写英语信件一般可以使用打字机、电脑,朋友之间比较随便的信件也可以用钢笔、圆珠笔甚至彩色笔,但不宜用铅笔。不管你用什么形式书写,一些重要的信件,签名处必须用深蓝色或黑色墨水笔签名。
  (二)各类常用信件
  1)感谢信
  2)祝贺信
  3)邀请信
  4)一般信件
  5)商业信件
  6)求学信
  7)出国留学推荐信 ( recommendation letter for studying abroad )
  随着我国出国留学生日年增多一般,大部分学生需要在出国前让自己的老师、导师或领导写一份出国推荐信,从而可以在信中告知对方学校申请人的学历、能力、为人处世等方面的情况。如果推荐信是写给对方某某人的,开头用 dear… ,如果是写给对方单位或学校的,则开头可以用to whom it may concern, 或to whom it may concern,(意为:有关负责人)。

  英语书信作文万能模板
  询问信
  Dear ______ ,
  ①I am ______(自我介绍). ②I am writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information regarding ______(要询问的内容).
  ③First of all, what are ______(第一个问题)? ④Secondly, when will ______(第二个问题)? ⑤Thirdly, is ______(第三个问题)?
  ⑥I would also like to inquire ______(将最重要的问题单独成段). ⑦Could you be so kind as to send me some relevant booklets on the above-mentioned aspects?
  ⑧Thank you for you kindness, and your prompt attention to this letter will be highly appreciated.
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
  请求信
  Dear ______ ,
  ①I am writing to formally request to ______(请求的内容).
  ②The reason for ______is that ______(给出原因). ③I ______ , so I ______(给出细节).
  ④I would also like to request ______(提出进一步的要求). ⑤I am sorry for any inconvenience I have caused.
  ⑥Thank you for your attention to these requests. ⑦If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact me at ______(电话号码). ⑧I look forward to a favorable reply.
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
  祝贺信
  Dear ______ ,
  ①I have learned with delight that you ______(祝贺事由). ②I would like to extend to you my utmost congratulations on ______. ③You must be ______. ④And I feel very happy for you.
  ⑤ ______(所取得的成绩)is quite exciting news! ⑥I know this is surely owing to ______(被祝贺人过去的努力).⑦It is a reward you richly deserve for your ______(被祝贺人的优点).
  ⑧Kindly let me know when you ______(咨询对方何时有空).⑨I hope ______(表达自己的愿望). ⑩My best wishes for your further success.
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
  推荐信
  Dear ______ ,
  ①It affords me much pleasure to recommend ______(要推荐的人)to you.②During his/her graduate years he/she was my ______ . ③As his/her ______ I found him/her ______(介绍与此人的关系).
  ④His/Her performance in the school years was outstanding. ⑤First, he/she had been and showed great talents in ______ . ⑥In addition, he/she has a very pleasant personality. ⑦He has developed a strong sense of ______, and working with him is always. ⑧I can state that he/she has all the qualities of being ______.(介绍此人的能力)
  ⑨Therefore, I here recommend him/her to you with all my heart. ⑩Should you favor him/her with a position in your company/Should you accept him/her in your university?I am sure that his/her future conduct/academic work will prove worthy of your confidence. I look forward to hearing from you at the earliest possible moment.
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
  投诉信
  Dear ______,
  ①I am ______(自我介绍). ②I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about.
  ③The reason for my dissatisfaction is ______(总体介绍). ④In the first place, ______(抱怨的第一个方面). ⑤In addition, ______(抱怨的第二个方面). ⑥Under these circumstances, I find it ______(感觉)to______(抱怨的方面给你带来的后果).
  ⑦I appreciate it very much if you could ______(提出建议和请求), preferably ______(进一步的要求), and I would like to have this matter settled by ______(设定解决事情最后期限). ⑧Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to your reply.
  建议信
  Dear ______,
  ①You have asked me for my advice with regard to ______ , and I will try to make some conductive suggestions here.
  ②In my humble opinion, you would be wise to take the following actions: ______(建议的内容).
  ③I hope you will find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details.
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
  邀请信
  Dear ______ ,
  ①There will be a ______(内容)at/in ______(地点)on ______(时间). ②We would be honored to have you there with us.
  ③The occasion will start at ______(具体时间). ④This will be followed by a ______(进一步的安排). ⑤At around ______(时间), ______(另一个安排).
  ⑥I really hope you can make it. ⑦RSVP before ______(通知你的最后期限).
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
  道歉信
  Dear ______,
  ①I am truly sorry that ______(道歉的原因).
  ②The reason is that ______(介绍原因). ③Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. ④Hope you can accept my appologies and understand my situation.
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
  感谢信
  Dear ______ ,
  ①I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for ______(感谢的原因). ②If it had not been for your assistance in ______(对方给予的具体帮助), I fear that I would have been ______(没有对方帮助时的后果).
  ③Every one agrees that it was you who ______(给出细节).
  ④Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude.
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
  书信作文精华模板开头:
  How nice to hear from you again.
  很高兴再次收到你的回信
  Let me tell you something about the activity.
  让我告诉你一些关于这次活动的细节
  I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.[/color]
  很高兴收到你在4月9号的来信
  I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.
  很高兴得知你将来拜访中国
  I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America.
  我正写这封信感谢我在美国你对我的帮助
  书信作文精华模板万能结尾:
  With best wishes.
  致以我诚挚的祝福
  I’m looking forward to hearing from you.
  期待您的回信
  I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.
  如果您能尽早回复我会万分感激
  I sincerely hope this letter can draw your attention to the matter and I hope the problem mentioned above can solved as soon as possible。
  我衷心希望这封信可以引起您的注意,并且也希望以上问题能够及早得到解决
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二:[英语信]给朋友的一封信英语作文


  导语:很多时候信能够传达你的情感,快给你的朋友写一封信吧!下面是yuwenmi小编为大家整理的给朋友的一封信,欢迎阅读与借鉴,谢谢!
  篇一:给朋友的一封信 A Letter to a Friend
  Dear Robert,
  亲爱的罗伯特:
  I"m glad to receive your letter. Now I will tell you something about my plan for summer vacation after the final exam. Firstly, I will learn to drive. I think driving can be useful. Secondly, I will take some English courses. Thirdly, I will visit some tourist attractions. It must be very exciting. Last, I will do some reading in the vacation. What about you? I hope you can have a pretty vacation.
  我很高兴收到你的来信。现在我会告诉你期末考试后我的暑假计划。首先,我会去学开车。我觉得学会开车是很有用的。其次,我会参加一些英语课程。第三,我会参观一些旅游景点。肯定很激动人心。最后,我会在假期中去阅读。你呢?我希望你能有一个完美的假期。
  John
  约翰
  篇二:给朋友的一封信 A Letter To Friends
  Dear Mercy,
  亲爱的梅斯,
  How is everything going! Last time you said you are anxious now because you find it hard to learn English well. Don’t worry. I think you have to improve your English step by step. And I will right behind you. In my view, you should develop you interest on English first. According to my experience, I think watching English movie, listen to some wonderful English songs and talk in English on the Internet would be helpful. Secondly, you have to prepare lessons before class that will help you understand what the teacher says in the class. I know you feel bored in the class, but you have force yourself to be concentrated. A few days later you will feel it a little easy to learn English. The left steps I will tell next time. By the way, we have not seen each other since your family move to Hunan a year ago. Have you ever thought about going back to visit me and learn English together in the coming Summer vacation. Looking forward to your reply.
  过得可好。上次你说你现在很焦虑因为你觉得很难学好英语。别担心。我觉得要提高英语你得一步步来。我会帮你的。在我看来,首先应该要培养你对英语的兴趣。根据我的经验,我认为看英文电影,听美妙的英文歌曲以及在互联网上与他人用英语交流会有很大的帮助。其次,你要预习,这样可以让你理解老师在课堂上说的东西。我知道你觉得上英语课很无聊,但你必须强迫自己聚精会神的听。一段时间后,你会感觉到学习英语变得容易些了。剩下的步骤下一次我会告诉你的。顺便提一下,自从一年前你们家搬到湖南后我们就没见过面。你有没有想过暑假的时候回来看看我,我们可以一起学习英语。期待你的回复。
  Best wishes,
  Li
  丽
  篇三:给朋友的一封信A Letter to A Friend
  Dear Lucy,
  I am so glad to receive your letter and happy to know that you have a pleasant holiday. Please send my sincere wishes to your parents. I have a happy holiday just like you do. This holiday, I visited to Guangzhou with my parents. Guangzhou, also known as the Flower City, there are many flowers along the both sides of streets. It’s very beautiful. Besides, the environment is clean and the climate is comfortable. There are many skyscrapers in Guangzhou, especially in the downtown. We visited to many tourist attractions. They are all worth visiting. I hope you can visit there personally one day. You must like it.
  Best wishes.
  Sincerely yours,
  Alva
  亲爱的露西:
  很高兴收到的你来信,并得知你度过了一个愉快的假期。请代我向你的父母送上最真诚的祝福。我也和你一样,度过了一个开心的假期。假期期间,我和我的爸爸妈妈到广州旅游了。广州,又名花城,在街道两旁有许多美丽的鲜花。另外,那里的环境很干净,气候很舒适。广州有许多高楼大厦,特别是市中心那里。我们去了很多景点,都很好玩,值得一去。希望你有一天能亲自去看看,你一定会喜欢那里的。
  此致
  敬礼
  艾娃

三:[英语信]英语书信范文


  写信时,发信人的地址和发信日期写在信的右上角。信的左边写称呼,如“Dear+头衔+姓”或“Dear+名” Dear Tom,Dear Mr. White...以下为您提供的是英语书信范文,希望对你有所帮助!
  英语书信范文【1】
  Dear Editor-in-Chief,
  Congratulations on the 5th anniversary of Global Mirror!
  I’m a regular reader of your newspaper. I like it so much that I hardly miss any copy.
  There are many advantages of Global Mirror. Firstly, Global Mirror covers both national and international news. By simply turning the pages, I can know all important things that have happened both home and abroad. Besides, the success stories of world-famous people are also attractive to me, which help me learn a lot from them. In a word, thanks to Global Mirror, we are well-informed and keep up with the changing world.
  As a young student, I wish that I can be a master of English language. Therefore, I suggest that Global Mirror provide articles about English learning for us.
  Finally, I hope that Global Mirror will become more and more popular. Thank you for your time!
  Sincerely yours,
  Li Hua
  英语书信范文【2】
  Dear friend,
  亲爱的朋友,
  Hello, I"m your new friend. My name is [ename]Bob[/ename]. I"m fifteen. I"m American. I live in New York.
  你好,我是你的新朋友。我的名字叫鲍勃,我十五岁,是美国人,我住在纽约。
  I am a middle school student. I"m good at maths. It is very interesting. My favourite sport is basketball. And I am not only a basketball fan but also a good player. I like music. My friend and I often sing pop songs together.
  我是一个初中生,我擅长数学,它很有趣。我最喜欢的运动是篮球,我不仅仅是一个篮球迷,也是一个很好的选手。我喜欢音乐,我经常跟我的朋友一起唱流行歌曲。
  After school, I am interested in getting on-line. I have known a lot about China from the Internet. Now I am learning Chinese. I hope I will visit your country one day.
  放学之后,我喜欢上网,通过网络,我了解了很多关于中国的事情,现在我在学汉语,我希望有一天能去你的国家游览。
  Please write to me and tell me something about your life. I am looking forward to hearing from you.
  请给我回信说说你的生活吧,我期待着你的来信。
  Yours,
  你的,
  Bob
  鲍勃
  英语书信范文【3】
  Dear Sue,
  I’m Li Hua, one of your students in China. It’s almost a month since you left us. We all miss you and are very grateful for what you did for us.
  We are busy as usual. We had an English speech contest the other day. I won the first prize! This again reminds me of all your kind help. Do you still remember the trees we planted together on the hill behind the school? Yesterday, we went there and watered them. The tree you planted yourself is growing well, and the whole class decided to name it Sue Wood. Will you come back to see Sue Wood?
  How is everything with you lately? We hope to know more about you and your American students. Hope to keep in close touch.
  All the best.
  Yours
  Li Hua
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[英语信的格式]英语信

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